When I started this channel….I just had in mind to create a couple of video tutorials, just for fun and test myself in something new..trying to explain my animation method to others through quick and simple videos demonstrations. I wasn’t sure to be able to do that and I was ready to “delate” the first video uploaded if I would have received a flood of insults 😅But…this didn’t happen and a lot of aspirants animators just founded my videos easy to understand and a font of inspiration, so ..I want to say thanks to all this people that supported this project and when I read my Blog listed in article like “10 Awesome Animation Blogs for your Inspiration”….I just feel happy😁Thanks Florian and Introbrand.com for the mention!!!😊
Rigs Showcase #1 – I’d like to present “LEE”, a new cartoon style character RIG created by SquigglyRigs
Buy “Lee” Character using the special coupon with 50%OFF applying the code you see in the image below
-LESSON #13 – Straight Ahead and Pose to Pose-
Let’s see how to approche an animation shot and what’s the best method for us! 😉
-Lesson #12 – ARCS-
A simple principles that will make a huge difference! ♥ HERE THE LESSON! ENJOY 😉
Ye…this is the most popular question…
After any video… people usually ask me where to download the Alya Rig or my Ink Rig, so… let me update (again^^) about these rigs 😉
by Eyad Hussein
I totally understand that you ask me for this rigs ’cause she’s really appealing and I love her! But the cretor of this rig, my friend Eyad Hussein is still working on that, he’s working in Sony Pictures Imageworks and I know he’s pretty busy so… I recommend you to sign to the pre-registration form (if you haven’t done it yet) and be patient ^^
The one I’m using is a wip version that he shared with me to test it, also…I customize it a bit in some of my videos (like the pink hair one) and that version is not in the rig, but she’ll be customizable with different hair styles and accessorize 😉
Ink is my personal rig and it’s not available for download, sorry 😉 He’s my little, simple rig I really wanted for this channel, no details, no face, monochromatic texture… only the essensial shapes to show you the principle of animation!
So… after this “bad” news, what can I suggest you? There’s a lot of nice free or not free rigs you can download on the web, most of them are what I was using before this ones so..to learn animation is not really important the type of rig you’re using but… let’s hope other great riggers like Eyad will provide us new rigs soon that we can use for our AWESOME ANIMATIONS! 🙂 🙂
Here the written recap of the Lesson #11 based on the animation principle “Exaggeration”
here the Video Lesson
When we talk about this principle we actually also talk about the other principles we’ve seen so far, because …
It means to go out from the limit of the realism and exaggerate the actions and the poses to make the final result more instantly readable for the users!
It can be applied on:
- KEY POSES (pushing the lines of action, exaggerating the way you represent a feeling or an action)
- BREAKDOWNS (exaggerating the arcs, the amount of squash and stretch and breaking some joints)
- CHARACTER DESIGN (exaggerating shapes, proportions and caricature elements)
- STORY (exaggerating a concept, an action to make it stronger)
- POSES (exaggerating the representation of a mood or an action)
- TIMING/SPACING (make it more cartoony exaggerating the contrast between acceleration and deceleration of a movement)
But as animator we have to focus just on some of this:
- KEY POSES
But it’s not as simple as the word would suggest!
When we exaggerate we must be sure that it helps to:
Exaggerate doesn’t means to do something completely out of any physic principle and realism, BUT it means do something starting from realism and exaggerate it to make it more interesting, enhancing and push an idea!
And it gradually increases depending on the level of cartoon style of the animation!
I’ll show you some of this example but this principle would really requires long talks and practice to really understand it and know how to push it!
Do it in KEY POSES pushing your poses to cleary show the mood, always based on the style you need. You have different solutions depending on how much of realism you want!
In this simple example we can see a normal jump:
…and this other one more cartoony and exaggerated!
If we compare the two jumps, we can see that the first one is more close to reality: there’s a small anticipation, the jump distance is not so long, so this is very close to how a real jump looks like
In the second version: I made a bigger anticipation (the hip goes much more down, the arms raise more) and the spacing is different, there’s more preparation to the jump so during the anticipation there’s a longer pause, then I over stretched the body during the push (especially the legs and the chest), the jump is higher and there’s a slower spacing when he stays in the air so he jumps very fast and then decelerates in the air. Then he accelerates when he falls, I stretched the body again and when he lands I made the feelings that he’s heavier making a stronger lands, with the hips that goes very low and a big pause before he stands up again! Also the jump distance is exaggerated!
You also can use it in BREAKDOWNS: for example when you broke a joint during an action, this is not reality but it’s an exaggeration of the arc that you will create with this movement!
You can use deformers (if there’re in the rig) to accentuate the curve of the arms and give (for just 1 max 2 frames) an innatural flexibility to the “bones” to give more energy and create a nice arc and it also help to create a smoother transition in a very fast spacing whenre the arms moves from point A to point B in few frames!
Use it in EXPRESSION you can exaggerate the organic feel of the face, make it super flexible. Exaggerate the asymmetry, exaggerate the lines of action, just as for the body poses, to make the acting and the feelings more convincing!
When you stretch a face, push it to give the idea that the head and the muscles could really stretch as a balloon of water! Stretch the eyes, the mouth and the neck and use the shoulders to emphasize the push upward that we have during a take!
Do the same when you squash an head, press it in the chest and raise the shoulders! Also squash and press the eyes between the eyebrows that push down and the cheeks that push up!
Starting from a realistic bouncing ball, you can create a version more cartoony and exaggerated: increasing the contrast with fast and slow spacing, when the ball is in the air we have a slower spacing, and when it falls we have a big acceleration!
We can also exaggerate the amount of squash and stretch, keeping the stretch longer during the fall and make a bigger squash in the contact!
In this simple animation of a ball you can exaggerate the timing and the spacing to add energy to the scene and If this would be a character ….. we would have two different jumps and the exaggerated one, with more contrast in the spacing and an exaggerated use of the squash and stretch, results more cartoon and appealing!
This is all for this lesson, don’t miss the next one! 🙂
WHERE WERE WE? 🙂 We still miss 5 Animation Principles and here a new one “Exaggeration”!
Is not so easy to figure out how to use this principle … it requires a marked sensibility, a good eye and a lot of practice! As soon as we’ll finish the principles I was thinking to create an E-Book to gather what we have done so far…so… I’ll keep you update! 😉
Hi!!!! Sorry for this “break”, I’ve been super busy with the relocation (It took longer than expected :P) but now I’m back 🙂
As some of you already know… I’m still finishing my relocation! That’s why I’m not posting new videos, BUT…. I’ll come back soon (I promise :P), my next video is in wip!
In the meantime…I’m seeing this my “old” gif shared on Facebook so… I just re-share it with you! 🙂
Here the written recap of the Lesson #10 based on the animation principle “Secondary Action” 😉
here the Video Lesson
Secondary Actions are the kind of things I like to put in my shots to add details regarding the character’s attitude and personality, and ’cause I really like to have some “natural” movements that we usually do in real life but that we probably don’t notice!
This is not the easiest principle, you really have to learn how to use it and when the shot requires it, otherwise you risk to add too much movements in your shot that would result confused and unreadable for the user!
In a piece of animation you have the PRIMARY ACTION, the main action that is necessary to describe the story
But, you can add SECONDARY ACTIONS to give more depth to the scene, to add more informations about the character’s personality and make the scene more entertaining!
Example: in a scene we have to see a character sitting at a table, this is the main action, but we can add the action of moving the chair forward and some adjusting movements to make it more natural and interestingIf we take off the secondary actions, the main action is still clear and it works, on the contrary, we couldn’t take off the primary action ’cause the secondary ones are subordinate to the main one!
- MAIN ACTION + SECONDARY ACTION = tell the story and perfectly work together
- MAIN ACTION – SECONDARY ACTION = tell the same story
- SECONDARY ACTION – MAIN ACTION = ? (no sense)
Secondary actions are just a plus, something we add to:
- support the main action
- to make the performance stronger and appealing
- to add realism and authenticity to the scene
IMPORTANT: This secondary actions don’t have to “steal” the attention from the main action, but just fortify it!
The secondary actions are strictly connected to the characters in the shot and they are based on the character’s personality and mood in that moment
But they are also specific to the location and props in that environment!
Tip: study the body language to add the right gestures to well describe the character’s feelings!
-Examples of secondary actions created using BODY MOVEMENTS-
- A character sitting and waiting for someone could be a bit nervous and you can add a movement of the foot to better show this feeling
- Or… someone uncomfortable could scratch his head while speaking <- secondary action
- Or… a sad and resigned mood could be emphasized with the body shape but also with a secondary action like kick a pebble, so we add this little movement of the foot kicking a little stone
-Examples of secondary actions created using EXPRESSIONS and FACE MOVEMENTS-
- a character crying could wipes a tear with an hand
- A character that moves his eyes left or right while talking to someone…shows his embarrassment
- A fast look up during an acting to communicate disappointment
- During a walk, that is the primary action, you can add the head movements looking around and changing expression according to the character’s mood
-Examples of secondary actions created using PROPS INTERACTION-
I personally love to add props the characters can play with during a dialogue or in many other situations!
- A character playing with a pen while speaking to someone, the pen is a prop connected to the location (we have a desk so this is a common prop for this type of location)
- We could do the same with a prop connected to the character like his glasses, he could take them and use them to support the acting
- In this case… the character is eating and he just stands there, because he’s thinking and probably someone is speaking to him, but we could add a secondary action of him playing with the food to give the idea that he’s thinking about stuff or just annoyed
- If your character is sitting on a sofa, he could bring a cushion to make the action more realistic and interesting
- If he’s drinking he could touch the glass while speaking or thinking, just to avoid moments where the character doesn’t do nothing and again, in this way it’s easier to have a connection with the character’s feelings
This are just some common and easy secondary actions, with the experience you’ll be able to add more complex secondary actions
Workflow tip: Start blocking the main action first, watch the shot several times and ask yourself…how you could make it more interesting in terms of rhythm, entertaining and to better describe the character’s feelings and mood?
Then decide where to add this secondary actions and watch it again and again to make sure that they …don’t overshadow the main action!
In that case…is better to avoid too many secondary actions! 😉
That is all about this principle! See you for the next one “Exaggeration”! 🙂
I’m working on this new lesson right now, another explanation with examples of the anination principles “Secondary Actions” 😉
Here a detailed RECAP of my last Tutorial “Breakdown of a Dragon Animation”
here the Tutorial
In this tutorial I’ll show the breakdowns for this animation I made recently
I will explain STEP BY STEP my process starting from CONCEPT to the FINAL RESULT
Now I want to show you something more advanced: in this shot I have two characters that have parts that perfectly show this principles!
We have the tailed head/ball (that I used for the previous tutorial), this character has a very simple and basic animation and then I have this awesome and much more elaborated and advanced rig made by Josh Sobel, called ARC, that has a more complex animation. Arc is a customizable Dragon, with huge wings and big tail that is really perfect to show you the concept of overlap, drag and follow-trough applied to a more complex animation
So, for this shot, I started from a SKETCHED ANIMATIC – the 2D animatic is very important to study the rhythm, the story and how to represent the personality of the characters!
TIP: I’m not a good drawer so for the dragon I first studied the rig and tested some poses that I used as reference for the sketches. It’s a sort of blocking but with very few rough poses that you can exaggerate in 2D and have a better idea of what you need
The story of this shot is basically a “Dangerous-playtime” between this little bouncing creature and a young dragon that play with fire!
I imagined that they are actually friends, so…the dragon doesn’t wants to hurt him is just that he’s too ingenious and he has no control of his dangerousness!
For the dragon’s attitude I got inspired by my lovely/crazy dog. I had in mind my playtimes with her, that usually gets so excited when we play that she literally loses her control and the play-time becomes actually a “fight”!
So, with my little crazy dog in mind, I decided to animate the dragon with a doggy attitude in the first part, when he enters in the shot and when he smells the ground trying to sniff out his friend. And in the final part, when he jumps in the air with his wings and when he goes out of frame, I switch to a more classic dragon attitude
-Set the Scene-
So starting from this animatic, I set the scene on maya
For the background I just have a plane and some rocks, something very very simple
As usual I use a surface shader so I don’t have to worry about lighting and I have the 2d effects that I personally love.
I set the camera, with the same frame of the animatic
I add a plane in the background where I import the animatic video so that I can use it as reference during the blocking, in this way I can see the timing and the main poses
-Tailed Head/Ball BLOCKING-
So now… I import the tailed ball character and I create the blocking
I start to pose the “body/head” so I go to hide the tail
I go to animate the creature like a classic bouncing ball but very cartoony, I follow the animatic key poses so we have the bounces at the beginning, I squash it and stretch it and I check the contact with the plane, this pass is very fast cause I have the animatic as reference
So, he’s running away from something, he also looks on his back in few frames just to see what’s going on behind him, to check where is his friend and in time to see the flame coming towards him (I add a place holder fire effects just to have an idea of the timing)
When he bounces behind the rock he trys to hide himself super frightened…trying to be as smaller as possible, using his tail as protection
The tail is not very big, I don’t have a lot of control of the shape so what I can do is just to give the idea that the tail covers the body
I also add a very fast shake any 2 frames ’cause he’s trembling
He hears the dragon coming closer so he has a reaction turning in the opposite direction
and…when the dragon jumps on the rock he has a bigger reaction jumping hight in the air (I imagine him screaming here so I add a little shake), and the he just runs away faster then light
In a second time I add the tail poses. I follow a path, just like I showed in the previous tutorial, I draw a line on my paper so that I can better follow the arc and I just do this for the length of the shot
So this is the ball blocking, I mixed the principle of the bouncing ball but I also added some cartoon movements, it bounces with physic but it’s a character, so it has life and we can break some physic principles or exaggerate them to make it more appealing
Let’s add the dragon
As I said before, this rig has some customizable options, we can change the face design and the texture colour
I choose the young version for the head and the black textures
I start to create the main poses, this part it takes most of the time, the character is quite complex, it has a lot of controls and parts to pose, so I take my time….
I use some reference from dogs and dragons
I try to make him cute enough: at the beginning he has a very innocent expression
He just stands there for a moment, very calm and apparently harmless, his raised leg helps us to catch that he’s looking for something, trying to be quite
I continue to block the shot using the animatic as reference for the timing and this is the first pass of blocking for the dragon
There are not too much poses: there’s the first part “the entrance”, we see the forefoot coming in first and I keep this pose with a moving hold
Then we have the reaction, he knows his friend is near there so… before moving forward he makes an anticipation with a jump in the air
First I create the key pose with eyes closed, squashed head, both the legs flat on the ground and the opened wings that he will use as push for the jump within the legs
When he moves upward we have the overlap of the wings, we don’t see them cause they are out of screen, but we can imagine that they are pointing downward as reaction to the drag movement of the leading part, the body, same for head and arms that are dragged so they point downward
He makes this arc jumping high and straight first
and then he lands forward creating this arc with the body, the tail and the wings
Then we have some steps while he’s sniffing the ground
I create this curve with the body, the typical exaggerated classic dog sniffing pose, with the upper part of the body almost flat on the ground and the backside pretty up
The tail is pretty long so it really has to be soft and smooth and overlap for the entire shot. It always moves creating a nice curve and following the follow through principle
I move each section of the tail with a delay
To make the sniffing action readable I add just 2 poses in the blocking, increasing the size of the nostrils, moving up and down the nose and the eyebrows. Is enough to make the action clear in the blocking and then I will smooth it and add more details in the refine
He felt something so he turns in the super excited mode
I add this big anticipation before he moves forward, just to emphasize the reaction and to create a nice path of action
The anticipation is made with the eyes, cause he already looks towards the point where he want to jump
and also with the body movement, ’cause he moves backward raising the back, the tail and the wings
Then we have the jump poses, always creating a path with body and a different one with the tail
He turns upward the head following his friend movement
And then another jump in the air, flying in place with a couple of movements up and down with the wings, staring at his “prey”
l add an anticipation moving backward before going out of frame very fast creating this line of action and with a very aerodynamic pose with the wings closed to the body
As I said, in this first pass of blocking I have very few poses but for this kind of animation I want to add some other keys just to make the refine easier
I add some breakdowns here and there and some moving holds, for example I added the leg poses at the beginning:
1) one pose with the raised leg with the toes pointing backward
2) one pose of contact with the toes upward
3) one pose with the leg flat on the ground
I add more breakdowns and in-betweens during the steps and others for the rest of the shots and this is the second pass of blocking with more keys:
During all this process I help myself using the silhouette visualization to adjust the poses and check if everything is readable
So… in this phase I focus on the timing and the poses and I watch it and watch it several times to check if everything works well or… if I can do something better or add some poses if necessary 😉
-Tailed Head/Ball REFINE-
The blocking is done and now I can turn off the dragon and refine the head/ball
As before, I hide the tail and I refine and polish the ball, for this character the refine process is pretty easy, there’s not much to polish, I just use a lot the graph editor to make the ball movements clean and smooth, I check the arcs first for the ball/body, and then for the tail
I also adjust the tail poses frame by frame in some parts, where I want to exaggerate the shapes or add some further movements
Here the Head(Ball Refine
Then I turn on the dragon again for the refine
I switch all the curves in auto tangent and this is how it looks like (I didn’t touch anything, this are just the blocking poses switched to auto)
and ….it defenetly needs a lot of work! 😀
I start splitting the scenes in different sections, for example: I start to refine the part when he enters in the screen and I stop before the jump. So… I reduce the range of the time slider
I go to adjust spacing, contacts, breakdowns for the entire shot but moving forward by a range of frames, splitting the scene following the different actions, refining them one by one
I draw the path on my transparent paper so I can easily follow the path with each part of the body, frame by frame I go to adjust the poses where needed
When you refine an animation can happen that you just realize that you need to change a bit the timing or the spacing of your blocking! It happens, some movements result too slow after you switch from stepped to spline or vice versa, so in this cases…just move your keys to reach the better result or add more breakdowns that were not necessary in the blocking but that you need in the refine!
With a loooot of patience I finish the refine of entire shot, I can’t show you each step ’cause it would take too much time
For the entire shot I spent 5/6 hours for the blocking (for both the characters) and around 15 hours for the refine
I add the motion blur in the render, the the 2D fire effect I made and…that’s the final result!
I hope you enjoy this video, show the entire process for the creation of a shot is not easy and I tried to show the most important steps for me.
When you plan a good and efficient blocking, the refine process will be easier so… see you for the next lesson and tutorial, thanks for watching! 😉
-Breakdown of a Dragon Animation-
Well…after a big break I finally uploaded a new tutorial (it has been a bit hard to finish it…I didn’t have a lot of time to spend on it) but I hope you enjoy it 😉
In this Tutorial I show the breakdown of a Dragon Animation, step by step I’ll show the process for the creation of the shot. I made this animation in 2 days and this tutorial is based on the principles explained in the Lesson 09 “FOLLOW-THOURGH AND OVERLAPPING” https://iwanttobeananimator.wordpress.com/2017/08/29/lesson-9-follow-through-and-overlapping/
I really didn’t had enough time for this channel in the last days, I’m having big changes in my life so… sometimes it’s really hard to find a little “moment” just for my stuff 😛
BUT…. I’m working on a new video tutorial/breakdowns based on a shot connected to the last lesson “Follow-through and Overlap”!
This is just a little preview, a wip of the blocking, showing part of the shot! Just few poses…
I used two rigs for this shot: my Tail ball/head and Arc the Dragon by Josh Sobel!
Both the rigs have an element like tail and wings that show the principle of follow-through and overlap applied to an easy basic tail animation (for the ball) and a more complex animation of tail and wings for the Dragon! 😉
In the video I’ll show you how I concepted the shot from 2d sketches up to the refine version!
So…I hope to be able to continue to work on that and…post it as soon as possible! 🙂
In the meantime you can follow this blog (just clikc on the follow button on the right :P) so that you’ll receive an email when I will post something new, and….. like and follow my: Facebook Page – Twitter and Youtube Channel! 😉
Arc is a really well done and pretty complex rig with some customizable options: you can choose between different “personality”: 6 in total! That is pretty cool! 😀
I’m animating the Young version and is really nice to pose and instantly appealing! 🙂
You can also change the texture and eye color between this 7 variations:
The rig comes with a very useful picker where, in addition to the customization options, you can easily select the rig controls, splitted in Body and Facial (extremely useful for a complex rig like this one) I usually don’t use pickers, I like the direct approach with the rig but …. in this case I use it a lot 😉
In the picker is also available a little set of expressions and poses:
The rig has a very affordable price 18,00€ for a standard license and is available on this link http://www.joshsobelrigs.com/arc-the-dragon
So far I didn’t find any issues with the rig that works pretty well!
As I said, it’s not an easy character to animate for those who are just beginners, but is absolutely a good character if you want to test your skills with a quadruped, or in some flight cycle, acting shots or action! 😉
It’s really funny to animate and soon I’ll post a tutorial/breakdown for the shot I’m working on, so that I can show you my approach with the rig and my workflow! 😉
So… if you are looking for a new and original character for your next acting/action shot, Arc could be a good option! 😉
Here all the links:
Official site: http://www.joshsobelrigs.com/arc-the-dragon
– HOW TO ANIMATE A TAIL –
How to Animate a Tail RECAP
If you watched my Lesson 9 you should be able to put in practice what Follow-Through and Overlap mean and how to use them
We will start from a very simple example:
I will use this super simple rig of an head/ball with a fluffy tail
To approach an animation like this, I usually start animating the body
In this case…the head/ball, ignoring the tail for the moment
So I hide the tail mesh and I animate the ball up to the refine and polishing
When my animation is finished, I go to animate the tail
At this point you should already know that I’m used to use different shaders to simplify my workflow so I create a sort of rainbow tail assigning different colors to each section of the tail connected to a joint
So, I set the first pose for the tail…
…and then I go to animate the first section, the ones directly attached to the ball, that is the leading part
that will drag the rest of the tail
but in turn, the first section is dragged by the ball head
So, following the main action of the ball, I go to animate just the first section that would react to the ball movement
It’s important to determinate if the tail will be just dragged by the ball movement or if will also moves independently
In my case, the tail is mainly dragged by the ball, but also has an independent movement when needed
For example: at the beginning I want to use the tail to have the “push” for the jump! So, even if the ball has a very small rotation and the squash to gain energy for the jump, I move the tail right and left to increase this push and have more power for the jump
During the jump, when the ball is stretched, the tail must point downward, ’cause it has a delay compared to the ball
Also during the spinning in the hair, the tail overlap the main action, the ball rotation. As you can see, here I rotate the tail on the right, dragged by the rotation of the ball
When the ball stops his rotation, the tail will stop with a delay of 3/4 or 5 frames
For all the time that the ball stays in the air, the tail will continue to move upward, with a very slow spacing
When the ball starts to fall, the tail is raised up and just as before, after the ball landed on the ground, the tail will arrive with 3/4 frames of delay
Don’t care about compenetration for the moment, cause we will go to adjust the position when we will animate the rest of the tail!
Then we have the following little bounces so, we go to animate the settle, moving the tail up and down for a couple of time, decreasing the movement up to the complete stop
This is the animation of the first section of the tail:
After that we go back to animate the rest of the tail, one section at the time, and following the order starting from the top
Each section will have a delay of 2/3 frames compared to the previous section
What you have to remember is that each part would first react to the movement of the part that drag it, moving in the opposite direction
Let’s see an example with less tail’s sections:
when this section moves forward…
…the following part is dragged but it turns in the opposite direction due to the delay
and then it will follow the first section movement
The last part would have the same reaction but it’s dragged by the second section, so at the beginning it would rotate on the right when the second one rotates on the left
Even during breakdowns and in-betweens you have to be extremely careful to create a nice and rounded shape
Avoid straight lines, except when its completely stretched like during the fall, in this cases a straight line is allowed!
Keep attention to the arcs that you will create with the tail action!
A nice tip is to use maya tools or script to create an onion skin that shows you the previous and following poses or to draw on maya…
…but I prefer the old school transparent/celluloid paper that I put on the screen (that is always attached to the back of my Mac and I easily turn it on when I need it)
I can quickly draw the arc I want for the tail movement and then, frame by frame I go to adjust the positions, following that path
With this simple rules and if you well understood this principles, your final result should be something like this:So, this was a simple tutorial for a basic tail animation, with a straight ahead approach!
I will do an other tutorial with a more complex rig but if you are just beginners…
I suggest you to start with a short and simple animation and became familiar with the concept of drag, follow-trough and overlap!
You can follow the Exercise 05 based on this tutorial! 😉
I had quite busy days during the last month but I finally find the time to create a new lesson … ready to learn how to “section” your character? 🙂
Follow Through and Overlapping RECAP
The principles of follow-through and overlapping will help you a lot to refine your animation and make it more realistic and fluid
Behind this principle there’s a simple rule:
– Follow-through is the principle that a parts of the body follows the movement of an other part (the leading one), with a bit of delay
Example: when you have a stop a part stop first and an other one has a delay, so it will stop in a different time
– Overlapping action is the principle that some parts have different timing or speed compared to other parts, so they overlap the main action
– We can use them to delay each parts of the body:
- for human characters we can apply this principles on several parts: arms, neck and head, upper chest, legs, hair…
All this parts will move with a bit of delay compared to the main part of the body that leads the movement, they are offsetted and they OVERLAP the ACTION
- for animals or anthropomorphic characters we can also have some different elements like long ears or tails to animate using this principles
Is quite simple, if you analyze for one second the movement… you should be able to recognize which part leads the action, here some examples:
When you know which part leads, you just have to delay the other parts
Don’t forget that… at the beginning of the action, this parts react to the movement of the leading one, by moving in the opposite direction!
In this example we have a simple arm movement
the shoulder and the upper part of the arm lead the movement, so when they start to move forward, the forearm reacts moving in the opposite direction, then we have the same reaction on the wrist and the fingers
When the leading part arrives to a stop, the forearm, the wrist and the fingers stop with a delay and different timing
So the arm and shoulder drag the lower part of the arm and during this movements you can also break some joints and use some deformers to emphasize the delay and the arcs
So… at first animate the upper part, the leading one, then the lower arm, then the wrist and last…add the fingers animation
You can also delay each finger from the others or even the single parts of the finger
To complete the movement you can add a…
to avoid a sudden stop, keeping a slight bit of motion for all this parts for more frames
or add a…after the stop all this parts go back and forth for few times, always decreasing the motion, keeping the delay between a part and an other. The leading part could have just a small and short settle, and the other parts a longer settle
or just the…
In this Lesson I explain more in detail Moving Hold and Settle
How to manage follow through, overlapping action, moving hold and settle depends on:
- -the type and speed of the motion
- -the length and weight of the parts that follow the movement
An other situation where you need to apply this principles is when your character has some cloths like: an hat, a scarf, a coat, a skirt, etc…
This elements will have the follow through and the overlap just like the body parts. The body movement drags this elements and they will react in different ways, depending on the type of cloths, the material’s weight and the speed of the movement
A good way to manage and animate parts with follow-through and overlap is to visualize the body as sections
In this way will be more easy and fast for you to manage all the delays 😉
Also a tail can be visually split in section:
the upper part would lead the movement, moving first, the second one would follow this movement, the third one would follow the second one and so on…
Compared to the main section, the second one has a delay of 1 frame, the third one a delay of 2 frames, the forth one of 3 frames and so on….
in this way your movement would result smooth and realistic! 😉
Do the same for objects or parts of the character and the practice will help you to naturally apply this principle in the right way!